Women were taught restraint, respect, organization, decorum, purity, and modesty. Women had limited independence during Samurai feudalism, and many were forced into prostitution. Some women worked as samurai, where they were supposed to be faithful and revenge their owners' enemies. Others worked as cooks, maids, or gardeners.
After the fall of the Samurai system, women were excluded from most professions. They could not attend school, so they couldn't get educated. Thus, they could not work with their hands, like men did. Instead, they were expected to take care of the home and family.
However, there were some fields in which women were allowed to participate: medicine, law, and office work. A few women became ronin (masterless samurai), who fought for money instead of lords.
In 1858, after more than a century of exclusion, Japan opened its doors to female students for the first time. However, they weren't given equal treatment with men; instead, the schools divided them into junior and senior classes. The juniors took an exam while the seniors practiced writing letters. After one year, the program was canceled because there were too few applicants.
The next attempt at enrolling women in school was made in 1870. However, only five girls out of over 1,000 candidates passed the exam.
Samurai women were supposed to be loyal, valiant, and to carry out the responsibility of vengeance during the early feudal period. Because her warrior husband was frequently gone, the samurai wife had crucial domestic responsibilities. Her responsibilities included the food and all home supplies. When her husband died, she would often be left with little more than his armor to remind her of who he was.
During his lifetime, a samurai's honor was valued above everything else; therefore, once dead, a man's body should be treated with the utmost respect. His family should try to find out what weapons he used and where they are now. The swords will usually remain with the family, but if there is no son or other family member able to use them, they would be sold at auction.
Upon hearing that her husband has been killed in battle, a samurai woman needed to decide whether to go looking for him. If she found him, they would probably never see each other again because he would need to spend his money on armor and guns to fight another day. However, if she didn't go look for him, she might end up being forced into an unhappy marriage with someone else.
In general, women were expected to be submissive to men. If a woman did not obey her husband, she could be punished by having one of her feet cut off.
Though males were respected more in Japan, women had an important part in medieval Japanese culture. They were the family's backbone, protecting and caring for them. Japanese women were mothers, performers, and even warriors throughout this period. The degree of freedom a woman enjoyed was heavily influenced by her social standing. WOMEN SAMURAI: Female samurai were common during the Sengoku jidai (Warring States Period). They were usually the sons of poor farmers or soldiers who had been killed in battle. These young women would then go to war with the help of their father or guardian. They were often very talented with the sword and known for their courage.
POOR OR HONORABLE FEMALES: Poor girls could only achieve one status, that of wife. If they were not married off, they would work in a shrine or temple as a priestess. Those who were widowed or divorced could also become nuns. Honorable females could marry and have children. They could also fight alongside their husbands in order to protect their houses from attack. Though rare, some wives achieved high positions within their husband's clans.
THE MAIN STALK OF JAPANESE CULTURE: Girls were expected to be obedient, respectful, and diligent. When they reached puberty, they would move into their husband's house and start working on his farm or in his shop. If there were no boys, she would make do with what life gave her.
Women were supposed to be faithful to their families and husbands, while males were expected to be loyal to their lords. In feudal Japan, women could possess and inherit property and family status. To allow the men to serve their master, they were supposed to handle the home finances and household choices. Males were also expected to fight for their countries.
In modern-day Japan, family values have changed greatly. The number of single parents is high because many couples cannot afford a housekeeper or live-in nanny. Also, due to the economy, many jobs are available only in big cities, so some people move away from their families to find work. However, there is a growing number of people who want children but can't afford to raise them alone. So they look for someone to share the load with.
In conclusion, family values in Japan are not very strong anymore. Many people do not follow them anymore because of economic reasons. However, the desire to raise good citizens remains strong in the Japanese society.
Nowadays, these traditional roles have become less strict. Women can work outside the house and men can take care of home duties too. However, there are still some differences between what men and women do. For example, most jobs that require heavy physical effort are not suitable for females, while most jobs in the construction industry or office work are available for men.
In conclusion, there are still big differences between what men and women do in Japan. Even though it has become easier for females to find a job, they are usually assigned tasks that don't demand much strength or skill.
Japan in medieval times. Women's Place in Society Though males were respected more in Japan, women had an important part in medieval Japanese culture.
The role of women in Japanese society has changed over time. During the feudal era, when war was a constant threat, it was important for women to take up swords and fight by men's sides. After the fall of the samurai class in 1867, women stopped fighting and turned their attention towards raising families instead. However, with the rise of business and commerce in the early modern era, many men began to leave for overseas markets to find employment. This left more responsibilities for the home front, which mostly fell on women. In order to cope with these changes, some male authors developed books for women to understand their roles within the family unit and society at large. These books often included discussions about how women could make themselves more attractive, as well as advice on how to manage households efficiently.
Though medieval Japanese culture valued females, they were not given the same rights as males. In fact, during this time, males were expected to be warriors who went off to battle while women took care of the home front. Though women played an essential part in keeping society running, they could not vote or own property. Instead, their husbands or fathers owned all female assets such as homes and businesses.