Software Project Management (SPM) is a systematic approach to planning and managing software projects. It is a subset of project management that involves the planning, implementation, monitoring, and control of software projects. The word "spm" comes from the names of its two founders: Steve McConnell and David Thomas.
Software project management can be used by a single individual or team to manage a small project, but it is usually performed by a group within a larger organization - often a project management office - who will oversee the development of one or more software products.
The goal of software project management is to achieve successful completion of the planned project on time and within budget. This is done by defining tasks that have to be completed during the project period, establishing milestones for measuring progress, and hiring responsible individuals or teams to work on the project.
SPM uses various tools to manage a project effectively. These include project plans, schedules, reports, and graphs. A project plan describes what needs to be accomplished before a project can begin. It includes objective statements about the project's purpose and scope as well as a description of the staff required to complete it.
A schedule is a list showing how much time has elapsed since a previous event or date. It is used to determine how far along a project is through the project life cycle.
Software configuration management (SCM or S/W CM) in software engineering is the work of tracking and controlling changes in software, which is part of the wider cross-disciplinary topic of configuration management. Revision control and the development of baselines are two SCM procedures. Configuration management also includes processes such as change review, testing, and deployment.
SCM can be thought of as the process of keeping track of what parts of a system exist at any given time, their properties, and how they relate to each other. This information is used to reproduce or rebuild systems that have been modified by users or developers. It also provides evidence for compliance with licensing terms for use of copyrighted material. The term "configuration management" was first used by Michael Tyszka in his book on version control.
In large organizations, SCM is usually handled by a special team called a configuration management group (CM group). The members of this group may be located anywhere within the organization and sometimes even outside of it. They meet regularly to discuss issues related to configuration management and to update one another on current practices.
SCM involves recording facts about the state of a system, its components, and their relationships. These facts are often referred to as artifacts. Each artifact has a unique identifier called a "property". Properties can be text strings, integers, or identifiers for other objects such as files or directories.
|SPM||Sales Performance Management (software)|
|SPM||Suspended Particulate Matter|
|SPM||System Power Management|
|SPM||Spectrum Peripheral Module|
SPM refers to the mechanisms that firms employ to fulfill their declared social goals and place consumers at the center of strategy and operations. The efficacy of a provider in fulfilling its declared social aims and producing value for clients is referred to as its social performance. Social performance can be assessed by considering how well a firm fulfills its stated social objectives, including environmental concerns; how effectively it manages risk; and how transparent it is in its dealings with customers.
Social objectives are important because they provide a framework within which managers can make decisions about what actions to take. For example, a firm may have social objectives such as "to create jobs" or "to contribute to community life". Managers then use this information to decide what strategies to pursue (for example, "to create jobs by hiring more staff") and what operations to conduct (for example, "to create community life by donating money to a charity").
A key element of any effective SPM system is transparency. Consumers want to know that when a firm makes a decision about how it will fulfill its social objectives, this decision was made after taking into account all relevant information and factors, and not simply because management wants to give its shareholders a positive story to tell. In addition, consumers want to know that if a firm fails to meet its social objectives, this is due to circumstances outside of its control rather than because it has decided to fail to do so.
|SKM||System Key Manager|
|SKM||Symmetric Key Management|
|SKM||Secure Key Manager|
|SKM||Scientific Knowledge Management (strategy)|
Management of the product lifecycle. Product lifecycle management (PLM) is the strategic process of managing a product's whole path from initial inspiration to creation, servicing, and disposal. PLM, in other words, is the management of all aspects of a product from conception through disposal. The term may also refer to the technology used to implement this management process.
Product life cycle management (PLCM) is a term sometimes used instead. This refers to the use of technology to manage a product during its lifecycle. PLCM can be done using a mix of electronic databases, software tools, and web-based services. The key element is that everything needed for the lifecycle of the product is managed by someone - from idea to disposal.
Product development management (PDM) is another term often used instead. This refers to the role played by someone who manages a project or activity involving the design, production, or marketing of products. Usually, but not always, this person is also responsible for managing the team that works on the project.
An effective product life cycle management (PLCM) program ensures that products are designed to meet the needs of the end user while considering the environmental impact of their manufacture. It also helps ensure that resources are used efficiently, eliminating waste and improving productivity.