Linus Torvalds is said to have an IQ of approximately 160, however this has never been formally published. Also, he doesn't seem like the type of man who puts too much stock in the IQ debate, in my opinion. He prefers to focus on the quality of his ideas rather than their quantity.
Torvalds started LinuxSweden.org to distribute free software and promote computer science education in Sweden. He also writes articles for several magazines including Linux Magazine and Open Source Weekly News.
In addition to programming, Linus also likes soccer, beer, and girls. He often names his children after characters from The Legend of Zelda game series (Link, Triforce, etc.). He also has a dog named Zeus who works as his "tech support" team member.
He currently lives in Finland with his wife Tamiia and their four children: Sophia, Louis, Thomas, and Elsa.
Marilyn Vos Savant (born 1946) is a writer with an IQ of 228 – one of the highest ever reported. On an IQ test, someone with "normal" intelligence will score about 100. Meeting someone with an IQ close to 200 is obviously impressive. However, because people with high IQs also tend to have other talents and abilities that may not be obvious from just looking at them, they can be very useful people to have around. Marilyn Vos Savant has written several books about computers and mathematics, which show that she has a great interest in these subjects.
The first recorded instance of someone claiming to have an IQ of 200 or more was by Robert M. Young (1911-1997), a Canadian psychologist who invented tests used to estimate IQ. He claimed that he had taken an IQ test that measured 230 times/minute and that he could read, write, speak, understand, and follow instructions on this test. No evidence has been found that anyone else has an IQ as high as 200 since then. The highest verified IQ on record is that of Huang Zhongni (1965-), a Chinese scholar who scored 250 offically. He exhibited such strong memories that he was able to recite back words that were previously unknown to him. It is possible that some people have an innate ability to learn at a fast rate, which would account for their high scores on standardized tests.
The third edition full-scale IQ of the WAIS varies from roughly 45 to about 155. As a result, he couldn't record an IQ greater than 155 unless he took a different intelligence test, such as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, whose full scale IQ runs from 40 to 160. In general, people who score higher on these tests have more intelligent friends and relatives. Noam Chomsky has a full-scale IQ of 130.
Chomsky obtained a bachelor's degree in linguistics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1964 and a master's degree in mathematics from Harvard University in 1965. He became one of the most prominent scholars in modern linguistics during the 1960s and 1970s. He is also a renowned political philosopher.
In addition to his work in linguistics and philosophy, Chomsky is well known for his activism with organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. He has been awarded many prizes for his work including the Linguistic Society of America's Benjamin Lee Whorf Award, the United States' highest honor in linguistic science.
When Noam Chomsky was young, he showed an interest in math and science. His parents noticed this talent and enrolled him in special classes when he was just eight years old. He went on to receive a Bachelor's Degree in Linguistics from MIT in 1964 and a Master's Degree in Mathematics from Harvard University in 1965.
William James Sidis is said to have had a 275 IQ. Sidis has one of the highest cognitive quotients ever measured, with an IQ ranging between 250 and 300. He began at Harvard at the age of 11, and by the time he finished and moved into adulthood, he was proficient in more than 40 languages. He is considered by many to be the most important philosopher-psychologist that America has produced.
James (1842-1910) founded modern psychology as we know it today. He is regarded as one of the founders of philosophy, psychology, and psychiatry as independent disciplines. His work laid out a system for studying consciousness and mind that is still used today by most psychologists. He also invented the word "subconscious" and coined the terms "automatic writing" and "vital force."
His ideas have been influential in other fields too. For example, they helped inspire the development of new theories of intelligence by such people as Charles Spearman, Alfred Binet, Jean Piaget, and Lewis Terman.
Modern psychological tests are based largely on concepts introduced by James. He proposed several questions that measure different aspects of mental ability. These include questions about logic and reasoning, analysis and synthesis of information, judgment and perception, attention and memory. Modern psychologists use versions of these questions as measures of intelligence.
James also proposed a test called the "Principles of Psychology" that would measure both conscious and unconscious processes.
IQ is a test that assesses both natural intelligence and cognitive ability. He is able to explain difficult and complex subjects in great depth and without ambiguity. Sadhguru's IQ, I believe, is in the 150–170 area, but that's just an estimate based on my little exposure to his teachings. He has said himself that he doesn't like tests and tries to avoid them when possible.
According to historian James Gleick, an IQ test taken in high school rated his IQ at 125, which is "high but barely respectable." It's possible that if more information about the test had been available, it might have been possible to raise this number. For example, although the test did not specifically ask how many books he had read, it was probably reasonable to assume that someone with such a high score must have done so.
When he was 21 years old, Feynman took another test that measured "mental age" rather than actual intelligence. The psychologist who conducted the test estimated that Feynman was at least five years older than his chronological age, which would make him 21 or 22. This means that his IQ must have been at least 120 at that time.
Years later, when Feynman was invited by IBM to work on their top-secret project called "The Connection Machine", they asked him to take another test. This one was designed to measure "crystallized intelligence", or what some people call "grit".
The WAIS-IV, a widely utilized exam nowadays, has a maximum IQ score of 160. A score of 135 or above places an individual in the 99th percentile of the population. News publications frequently place Einstein's IQ at 160, however it's unclear where that figure comes from. The only source I could find was an article written by one of his biographers which said he had "a brilliant mind" and "was considered smart by contemporaries". No reference is made to any test being taken to determine his IQ.
Einstein grew up in Germany where intelligence tests did not exist until well into his adult life. When he did take such a test, he scored extremely high - four times that of the next highest scorer. He later said that he believed his brain was a product of random nature and that no amount of learning would be able to improve on this foundation. This view was very controversial at the time because it ran counter to the belief that everyone has innate intelligence that can be improved with practice.
Einstein died at age 55 due to complications from diabetes. His body was donated to science after death. An autopsy revealed that he had severe kidney disease as well as tuberculosis in both lungs.
Since there are no records of Einstein taking any kind of test before adulthood, scientists estimate his IQ using historical standards for other people who took similar exams. They believe his IQ was probably in the high 140s to low 150s.