GPOs are classified into three types: local, nonlocal, and startup. Local GPOs apply configuration to a single Windows client. Nonlocal GPOs apply settings to one or more Windows clients by connecting them to ADDS sites, domains, or organizational units. Starter GPOs are templates that may be used to construct new GPOs in ADDS. They can also be used to deploy configurations to groups of users.
A group policy object is a collection of group policy configurations (GPO). Local Group Policy (LGPO or LocalGPO) is a form of Group Policy that allows Group Policy Object administration on isolated machines without the need of Active Directory. This can be done by using a text file called a "registry key" on each machine.
A GPO's Computer Configuration section addresses broad policies for particular PCs. These regulations apply to all users that use that computer. Software settings, Windows settings, and administrative templates are the three aspects of computer setup. A setting can be applied to all users (e.g., Default Domain Policy), or it can be set separately for each user (e.g., User Profile Service Application). Administrative templates are predefined configurations of options to choose from. They can be used by Group Policy to provide a default setting for one or more features.
Computer configuration through Group Policy allows you to control many aspects of the PC experience. These include desktop background, start menu, taskbar, Start button, Internet Explorer browser behavior, Windows Live Mail email client, and more. You can also use Group Policy to configure other devices that connect to this PC, such as printers and scanners. Finally, you can use Group Policy to create a consistent image across many computers in an organization so everyone has the same tools on their desktops.
Here's an example of how to configure the start menu: Through Group Policy, you can specify the location(s) where users should look for applications when they log into their PCs. You can also determine how frequently the start menu should update itself.
Policy settings and preference items are applied to users and machines via Group Policy. By attaching one or more Group Policy objects (GPOs) to Active Directory sites, domains, or organizational units, you may specify which users and machines get these things. You may also allow or prevent users from changing their own policy preferences.
There are two types of policy settings: User policy settings apply to a single user. Computer policy settings apply to all computers in a domain. For example, you can give or deny access to programs and configure other system-wide policies such as Windows Firewall with Group Policy.
You can find the list of policy settings for Windows 10 under "Settings" - "System" - "Group Policy." Click on "Show additional settings..." to see more options.
Here are the various group policy settings:
User Configuration Settings - These settings control what features are available to the user. For example, you might disable the Word Wrap feature so that users cannot wrap words around the edge of the screen. This setting applies to all forms of Microsoft Office, including Word, Excel, and PowerPoint.
User Display Settings - These settings control how your users view content such as fonts, colors, and layout. For example, you might choose a monospaced font for all office documents to make them easier to read.
New Windows versions have been released. The list of GPOs that may be configured has also been updated. Many GPOs are available in Windows Vista and 7, which were not available in Windows XP or 2000.
GPO processing levels Local, Site, Domain, and OU are the four distinct levels of hierarchy for Group Policy processing. Let's take a few moments to go over each one so you understand how they vary and how they fit together.
A local policy applies only to the computer it is created on. It can't be applied across domains or even between sites if they aren't part of the same physical location. A site-local policy can apply only within a single site, but it can encompass any number of computers. For example, a company with multiple offices might create a site-local policy that controls access to its intranet website. This policy would apply to any desktop computer within its site network.
A domain-local policy can apply anywhere within its corresponding domain. It can't be used at sites or on individual computers outside of the domain. For example, a company's domain name is "company.com". Any domain-local policies created by that company could be used only within the "company.com" domain. They could not be used at "sales.company.com", for example.
An organization-wide (or global) policy can apply to any device within an entire organization. It can't be used at sites or on specific computers.
GPOs related to the highest level organizational unit in Active Directory are processed first, followed by GPOs linked to its child organizational unit, and so on. This indicates that GPOs that are directly related to an OU containing user or computer objects are processed last, implying that they have the greatest precedence.
Each domain-level group policy object will be applied to all user and machine objects. This may result in certain settings being applied to items that you do not want. As a result, the Default Domain Policy should be the sole GPO configured at the domain level. Users and computers can then be given more specific policies at the local level.