In certain youngsters, intelligence quotient (IQ) testing can be used to evaluate giftedness. 130 through 144 are somewhat talented. 145 through 159 are considered very talented. 160 through 179 are really gifted. 27th of March, 2021 - The highest recorded IQ score on an IQ test was 274 (200 miles per hour running speed).
The American Psychological Association (APA) uses a definition of giftedness that differs slightly from most other organizations: "Giftedness is the ability to think and act quickly, see things differently, make correct decisions, and achieve outstanding results." An IQ score of 130 or higher indicates gifted status. There are many different types of tests used to measure IQ, and they all show that approximately 1 in 100 people are extremely bright.
The best-known measure of general intelligence is the IQ test. It is divided into several subtests that measure specific abilities such as reasoning, vocabulary, arithmetic, and memory. The overall result is a number between 0 and 200, with 100 being average. A high score shows superior cognitive ability.
Children who score between 120 and 149 on an IQ test are considered highly intelligent. Those who score between 95 and 119 are considered smart. Those who score below 95 are considered mentally retarded.
In certain youngsters, IQ testing can be used to evaluate giftedness. Mildly gifted children receive scores ranging from 115 to 129, moderately gifted children receive scores ranging from 130 to 144, highly gifted children receive scores ranging from 145 to 159, exceptionally gifted children receive scores ranging from 160 to 179, and profoundly gifted children receive scores ranging from 160 to 180, depending on the test used.
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a definition of Giftedness that corresponds to IQ scores of 120 or higher. This means that if your child scored a 119 on an IQ test, she would not be considered gifted under this definition. However, many psychologists believe that scores as high as 140 are possible through intensive training and hard work.
Gifted children may show an early interest in and proficiency with numbers, languages, art, music, sports, or any combination thereof. They may also have unusual skills in designing computers, playing musical instruments, or creating advanced technology.
Many gifted children display extraordinary creativity in the arts, humanities, science, or business. Some become famous artists, scientists, musicians, writers, architects, engineers, mathematicians, entrepreneurs, or activists. Others use their talents to help others by becoming nurses, doctors, teachers, clergy, administrators, or social workers.
Gifted children tend to learn quickly and remember information better than other students. This makes them good learners who may benefit from attending classes or programs specifically designed for the intellectually advanced.
A Starting Point Using a normal IQ test with a score of 100 as the "average," children with 130 or more are deemed gifted, while those with 145 are profoundly gifted. In other cases, evaluation may be based on a mix of IQ test results, inventiveness, and the capacity to focus on a task. The term "gifted" is often used to describe people who show an early interest in and proficiency in a field of study or activity. The definition varies according to whom you ask; however, most agree that being gifted means having innate intellectual abilities that are much higher than those generally required by society. Some possible traits of gifted people include: creativity, imagination, leadership skills, motivation to learn, high intelligence.
The label "gifted" does not determine how someone uses their talents, nor does it indicate that they will become famous scientists or artists. Being gifted simply means having special abilities that some others do not have. It is not a crime, offense, or disease. The only person who can decide if he or she is gifted is the person himself or herself. No one can make this decision for you.
Being born into a family with a history of talent for art, music, sports, etc., doesn't guarantee that you will also be talented yourself. Genetics play a role in determining talent, but environment also plays a role.
There is no universally accepted criterion of giftedness for children or adults, but most school placement choices and longitudinal studies have tracked people with IQs in the top 2.5 percent of the population—that is, IQs over 130--over the course of their life. These individuals are called "gifted" or "smart." Although this group accounts for only about 5 to 8 percent of the population, there are many more who might be considered highly talented or creative. For example, among children aged 8 to 12 years old, the number who meet criteria for intellectual giftedness ranges from 1 in 50 to 1 in 100, depending on the definition used by the testing service.
The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) defines three levels of intellectual ability: mild, moderate, and severe-profound. An individual who falls at the first level has limitations in several areas of cognitive development, such as listening skills, reading skills, writing skills, and math abilities. People who fall at the second level have significant limitations in one or more areas of cognitive development and may have some limitations in understanding social cues or responding to changes in situations. Individuals who are severely limited in both conceptual thinking and reasoning abilities and cannot lead independent lives are said to be in a profound state of intellectual disability.
According to the AAIDD, approximately 1 in 68 Americans has an intellectual disability.