Activity constraints are challenges that an individual may have when carrying out activities. Participation Restrictions are difficulties that a person may have when participating in life circumstances. This includes problems with mobility, self-care, and communication.
Cognitive limitations include memory problems and difficulty understanding instructions. Emotional limitations include depression and anxiety.
Social limitations include problems interacting with others (e.g., loneliness or isolation). Physical limitations include problems due to illness or injury.
A person's ability to function on a daily basis is called functional capacity. An assessment of functional capacity should consider a person's ability to perform tasks required for daily living as well as work-related responsibilities. The assessment should also examine how much assistance the person needs in order to perform these tasks.
The term disability refers to a person's inability to participate in major life activities. This includes both physical and mental abilities. A person can have a disability without being unable to work. For example, someone who suffers from diabetes but manages to lead a healthy lifestyle could be considered disabled yet able to work.
People can differ greatly in their ability to function after suffering an injury or illness. Some people will remain completely unable to work while others will be only slightly impaired.
Restricted activities are high-risk actions carried out as part of providing a health service and need special abilities to be carried out safely by authorized individuals. Schedule 7.1 of the Government Organization Act contains a comprehensive list of prohibited activities (2000). These include such acts as removing cancer cells with your mouth, performing an abortion using unsafe methods, and many others that would be obvious if we were to name every action that is considered high risk.
The most common form of restriction is supervision. All personnel engaged in restricted activities must be trained and qualified. They also must maintain their medical licenses current. Supervision includes measures taken to ensure that a worker does not suffer injury at work. For example, employees working with chemicals must use personal protective equipment such as safety shoes, clothes, and gloves. Other restrictions include being barred from certain jobs for medical reasons, such as those requiring lifting over 25 pounds or working at heights over 10 feet. Some employers may restrict an employee's ability to perform certain tasks. For example, an employer who requires workers' compensation coverage for its employees may limit how an injured worker performs his or her job. In addition, some employers may have policy guidelines regarding hiring, firing, promotion, or training that affect women employees' opportunities for career advancement or protection from harassment.
Employers must make sure that their employees are aware of these restrictions before they begin work.
Functional constraints are restrictions that hinder a person from completely doing activities of daily living (ADL) due to physical or mental factors, and can result in impairment. This has an impact on one's job, leisure pursuits, hobbies, sports, and physical exercise.
The three main categories of ADL include self-care, mobility, and communication. Self-care includes tasks such as eating, bathing, dressing, and taking medication. Mobility includes getting around the home or community and performing regular maintenance of the house/property. Communication refers to doing things like talking on the phone, writing letters, and making plans.
There are two types of functional limitations: significant and moderate. With significant limitations, someone can still perform some tasks of ADL but not all tasks. For example, they could cook simple meals or take care of their own hygiene but would need assistance with more complex tasks or duties related to management, work, or responsibility. With moderate limitations, someone is unable to do any task of ADL without help from others. For example, they might be able to walk down the street but could not climb a flight of stairs without assistance.
People who experience functional limitations may need help from others to live independently. Family members, friends, professionals (such as occupational therapists, physiotherapists, and speech-language pathologists), and government agencies are some of the many people involved in helping individuals who have limitations.