A pragmatist is someone who is pragmatic; that is, someone who is realistic and goal-oriented. A pragmatic typically takes a simple, matter-of-fact attitude and does not allow emotion to cloud her judgment. They do not get caught up in petty disputes or arguments over meaningless things. Rather, they focus on what needs to be done efficiently and quickly to solve the problem at hand.
Pragmatism is based on experience and tests theories against this experience. It does not support or rely on abstract ideas or principles that can't be applied to real life situations. For example, when dealing with facts rather than opinions, a pragmatic will not let their feelings influence them enough to make them act irrationally. They will look at all the information available and choose what solution works best given those circumstances.
It is important to note that not all rational people are pragmatists. Pragmatists just happen to be practical people who think critically about situations before acting. There are two types of pragmatists: subjective and objective. Subjective pragmatists follow their feelings under any circumstance. This type of person might believe that something is right even if it isn't, simply because they feel like it is. For example, if someone feels offended by something another person said, they might decide to sue them for damages even if there was no reason to believe the other person did anything wrong.
Pragmatism is a philosophical school of thought that holds that an ideology or thesis is true if it works well, that the meaning of a concept is found in the practical implications of embracing it, and that unpractical ideas should be discarded. Pragmatists thus try to find truth through practice rather than theory.
A pragmatist believes that reality is what works; that facts are flexible things "out there" in the world that we discover by doing research and testing theories; and that we can only know what will work through experience. Pragmatism is therefore a philosophy that focuses on methods for finding out what works and does not work through experience - especially experience as experienced by humans.
Pragmatism was invented by American philosophers William James and John Dewey. They were both teachers of philosophy at the University of Chicago and they shared many ideas about how to approach problems more effectively in education and other aspects of life. Although they were friends first and philosophers later, their approaches to philosophy were very different. James was more interested in psychology and sociology, while Dewey focused more on politics and economics.
Pragmatism is based on two principles: "that knowledge is limited to what works and that effectiveness is the sole criterion of truth".
A realistic individual is more concerned with facts than with what could or should be. The domain of a pragmatic person is results and consequences. If that's where your attention is, you might want to try using the word to describe yourself. It is also used to describe someone who tries to solve problems by finding practical ways to bring about changes.
Pragmatism is a philosophy that emerged in the United States around 1880. Its main proponent was William James. Pragmatists believe that truth can be known, but it cannot be proved; rather, it must be discovered by testing its effects on action. They also believe that reality is composed solely of facts that can be observed or measurable phenomena. Values are considered subjective impressions that do not exist independently from people who think them up or act upon them. There are no eternal truths beyond our ability to know them. Since all knowledge arises through human experience, pragmatists say that we must accept things as they are, not as we wish they were.
Some contemporary philosophers have called themselves pragmatists, most notably Richard Rorty and Jerry Fodor. But others such as Huw Price and David Armstrong have rejected this label because it is usually associated with William James. They believe that only someone who accepts everything that William James said can be called a pragmatist.
There are two types of pragmatists: theoretical and experimental.
A paradigm is a collection of concepts, methodologies, approaches, principles, or a combination of these that are used to describe a solution to a research topic. This worldview is diametrically opposed to the positivist and constructivist paradigms. Pragmatism is the guiding philosophy for scientists who use this paradigm; they believe that solutions must be tested against reality instead of being defined in advance.
Pragmatists regard scientific theories as tools that help us understand the world but not as descriptions of it. They also believe that science is an ongoing process that allows for new discoveries and ideas every time something isn't working out as expected. The two main figures associated with this philosophy are William James and John Dewey.
James was an American psychologist who developed a pragmatic approach to inquiry which he called "radical empiricism". He believed that we should stop trying to prove or disprove hypotheses before testing them against experience and that meaningful questions need to be asked rather than fixed ideas. This means that we should not try to answer questions like "Is gravity constant across all distances?" or "Does water really flow downward when there's no net gain in mass?". These are questions with clear-cut yes or no answers that can be proven or disproven using data from simple experiments. Instead, we should ask questions about how gravity functions in our daily lives or what happens when we pour water into a glass.