Your personal chattels are your own belongings. Consider them to be the stuff of your home: furniture, paintings, pictures, jewelry, collectibles, and so on. The official term, on the other hand, is broad and encompasses automobiles, garden effects, and even pets. These are all considered legal property of some sort or another.
If you lose your chattel, you may or may not be able to get it back. If it's a family heirloom, it might be worth filing a lost-and-found report with the police. Otherwise, you're out of luck. If it's a piece of equipment used in your business, you should probably keep an eye out for it. Even if it has no value, someone might want to steal it.
Chattels can also mean your employer's property. For example, if you work for a company that provides catering services, then your wages and any other benefits you receive (such as health insurance) are considered chattels. So too would be any equipment used by the company for its business purposes, such as a truck used to deliver food to clients. Employees are generally granted use of these items for the duration of their employment and are expected to return them in good condition when their contract expires or is terminated.
People often forget about their chattels when they move or leave their job.
The term "chattel" refers to all personal possessions (things you own other than real estate). Your furnishings and automobile are examples of chattel. Noun.
Your clothes are also chattel. So are your books, music, videos, and electronic devices. Even your favorite baseball cap is considered chattel if you belong to a sports team or club. Chattel can be real or virtual - such as password-protected files on a computer disk or program code in a software application. Virtual chattel may be stolen by hackers and used for fraudulent activities.
Physical chattel include: cars, trucks, motorcycles; airplanes; boats; storage containers; household goods and equipment; and even people (if they're not yours then they're chattel). Physical chattel are things that can be seen and touched. They can be owned by one person but used by many others. For example, a truck driver uses his truck, which is physical chattel. A railroad engineer controls the movement of trains, which are physical chattels. Neither the truck driver nor the railroad engineer owns the truck or the train, respectively, but they do have rights to use them.
Chattel refers to personal goods as opposed to real estate. It was originally used to describe slaves and livestock, which is why referring to anything or someone as chattel isn't very nice—you're effectively suggesting they're simply property, less than human.
Nowadays, the term is mostly used in American English to describe vehicles, such as cars and trucks. It's a fairly negative term that suggests that people are merely commodities that can be bought and sold.
It comes from the French word for "thing," which in turn comes from the Latin word for "that," so you can see how the term evolved into meaning "personal possession."
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first usage of the term "chattel" was in 1665. It was used to describe slaves.
After slavery, the next major use of the term was during the Industrial Revolution, when it was applied to machinery, tools, etc. That's when some people started using it to refer to vehicles too.
Currently, the term is used to describe items that aren't considered valuable enough to be owned by a company or individual, so they can be bought and sold like any other piece of property. This includes things like garbage, trees, and airwaves.
Chattel in common law referred to all property that was not real estate and was not linked to real estate. Leases, cows, and garments were all used as examples. In common parlance, chattel refers to tangible, transportable personal property. In modern usage, the term also includes information stored on computers.
In civil law countries, such as France and Italy, "chattel" means movable property. The concept does not exist in French or Italian civil law systems. Instead, buildings or other immovable property are called "fixtures".
In religious law countries, such as India and Israel, "chattel" means movable property, but it can also mean a covenant. A covenant is an agreement between two parties where one party gives something (covenant) to the other party in exchange for something in return (bond). Covenants can be broken, just like contracts with most countries including India. So religious law countries like India include contracts within their definition of "chattel" because they can be breached just like leases or sales agreements if not fulfilled.
In international law, "chattel" means movable property. It usually excludes investment securities which are regarded as financial assets rather than goods.
Plants and concrete slabs are other examples of fixtures. Outdoor furniture and potted plants are examples of chattels, which are readily movable goods that are not linked to the land. The term "chattel" comes from the English word "cattle," because people used to think that fixtures were valuable like cows or horses.
In modern law, a fixture is any item that is fixed in place without the use of tools or machinery-for example, a wall panel or floor tile. Fixtures are classified as real or personal property. Under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), most items that are attached to the floor or walls with nails or screws become personal property when you buy a house. However, if the seller indicates on an inventory list or similar document that these items are fixtures, they remain the owner's property even after you move in. Examples of personal property that rarely become fixtures include light switches, toilet seats, and tub/shower units.
The UCC defines three categories of fixtures: (1) those that cannot be removed without destroying them; (2) those that can be removed but may have to be destroyed to remove them; and (3) those that can be removed by merely pulling them out.
Human chattel is a noun (uncountable) Humans are considered property, i.e. slaves. They can be bought and sold like any other piece of livestock.
In the Western world, slavery has been abolished for nearly 200 years, but it remains a problem in some countries such as India and Indonesia. Slavery also exists within society as a whole - for example, there are people who will not eat meat or wear clothes that have been worn by others. These are examples of servitude, which is another name for slavery.
The term "slavery" comes from the Latin word slave, meaning "servant." Slaves are people who are owned by others; they may be free men or women, but they remain slaves nonetheless. Slave ownership could be inherited (as with horses), but most often it is not. A slave trader buys humans illegally and then sells them legally.
There are different types of slavery. People can be enslaved through force, fraud, or coercion. Enslavement through force involves prisoners of war being taken captive and held against their will. This type of slavery is legal and occurs when someone is captured in battle and becomes a slave to pay off debts or otherwise settle disputes.