Because of the popularity of the 14th-century historical book Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Liu Bei is well recognized as an ideal compassionate, humanitarian king who cared for his people and picked competent counsel for his administration. Modern historians have also praised him for establishing laws and systems that were more just than those of his time. However, they also note that he was manipulated by others into doing things that went against his morals, such as when he surrendered to Cao Cao in order to avoid being killed.
Liu Bei was born in 259 CE into a family of minor landholders in what is now called Luoyang, Henan Province. His father died when he was young, so he lived with his older brother Liu Qi and their uncle Liu Shao. They had a modest lifestyle, but still enjoyed some degree of prosperity because they were not involved in any conflicts with other kingdoms or tribes.
When Liu Bei was 12 years old, a war broke out between two rival kingdoms: Wu (which later became known as "China") and Shu (now part of China). Both of them wanted Liu Bei's uncle Liu Shao dead because he was too weak to fight back. In 262, after defeating his opponent in a battle, Liu Shao decided to surrender to one of the contenders, Sun Quan, the ruler of Wu.
On the one hand, Liu has been regarded as a superb people-person, adept at drawing talent while being one of the Three Kingdoms period's weakest warlords. As a result, people have deduced that he was a terrific people person who knew how to recruit and utilize talent to best serve him. On the other hand, his decision to align himself with Zhang Fei against his brother Liu Zhang resulted in two of the kingdom's most powerful men killing each other, which says something about Liu Bei's judgment at the time.
Liu Bei had many virtues, but the most important thing for a leader is courage. Without it, all the skills and knowledge in the world are useless. Indeed, even heroes such as Liu Bei and Deng Yuangong lacked courage at times, which caused them to fail their kings. At the end of Liu Bei's life, when everything he had worked for was lost, he still refused to admit defeat. This shows that even though he was nice enough people to enjoy socializing with others, he was also smart enough to know when he was outmatched by an enemy too strong for him to handle alone.
In conclusion, although Liu Bei was a great ruler at times, he also made some very bad decisions that led to the destruction of his country. However, you cannot blame him for loyally serving three different kings over years, because everyone did what they thought was right at the time.
Background of the family According to the 3rd-century historical source Records of the Three Kingdoms, Liu Bei was born in Zhuo County, Zhuo Commandery (present-day Zhuozhou, Hebei). He was a descendant of Liu Sheng, Emperor Jing's ninth son and the first King of Zhongshan during the Han dynasty. His mother was Lady Wang, who was also a descendant of Emperor Jing and thus a cousin of Liu Bei.
Liu Bei was raised by his uncle Liu Shan after the death of his father when he was seven years old. As a child, he showed an interest in martial arts and was taught by many teachers, including Li Yun, one of the most famous masters of the time. When he came of age, he succeeded his uncle as king but was soon forced to flee from his palace after being attacked by one of his uncles, Liu Zhang, who had him arrested on charges of treason. Liu Bei managed to escape but was captured again later that year when his army was defeated by another uncle, Liu Zhao, at the Battle of Jiangkou. This time, however, he was able to win over Liu Zhao thanks to his skills as a general and leader. Afterward, he went back to Zhuo County to rule as its lord until his assassination six years later along with Liu Zhang. It has been speculated that they were killed by their own sons in revenge for the deaths of their fathers but this issue remains unresolved.
According to legend, Liu Bei, a minor military figure at the time, heard of Zhuge Liang's tremendous knowledge and came three times to the woods refuge where Zhuge had withdrawn to seek him out as an adviser. It is said that Zhuge assisted Liu in organizing a great army and establishing a dynasty. When Liu Bei died, he passed on his authority to his son who continued to use Zhuge's strategy to defeat his enemies.
Liu Bei was born in 143-142 BC and he lived during the late Han dynasty. He was a major warlord who controlled a large portion of northern China. His main adversary was another powerful warlord named Yuan Shao. In 139 BC, they fought a huge battle which resulted in a victory for Liu Bei. But he was killed in action several years later.
Zhuge Liang was a famous general in the state of Shu during the Three Kingdoms period. It is said that he helped Liu Bei establish his own kingdom in north China. After the death of Liu Bei, Zhuge left his office but stayed in the region as a warlord until his own death in 25 AD.
Now you know about Liu Bei and Zhuge Liang.