In May 2016, Facebook was disabled in Vietnam for two weeks due to dissident protests. In Vietnam, Facebook has over 52 million members and is an important tool for their daily lives. However, the government is not responsible to the people, resulting in censorship abuse in Vietnam. During these events, many citizens used other social media sites such as Twitter and Instagram instead.
In addition to this event, Facebook has also been blocked in Vietnam on several other occasions, including during labor strikes in 2010 and 2011, political rallies in 2012 and 2013, and in response to news reports related to civil unrest in 2014 and 2015.
It is possible to get around the block by using a virtual private network (VPN), which connects your device to a server that acts as a proxy for it. With this method, you can access Facebook while in Vietnam.
Internet censorship in Vietnam restricts access to websites critical of the Vietnamese government, expatriate political parties, and international human rights groups, among others, as well as anything with which the Vietnamese government disagrees. Access is restricted by the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) on behalf of the government-affiliated Viettel Group.
There are several factors that may cause individuals to be unable to access certain websites in Vietnam. The most common reason is that the website has been blocked by the country's Internet authorities. Other reasons include the site being unavailable within Vietnam, or a user attempting to visit the site from outside of the country.
Vietnam has one of the fastest growing Internet populations in Asia, but also has one of the lowest levels of Internet usage due to limited access to the network for both users and businesses. In addition, there is heavy reliance on foreign Internet services such as Facebook, which are banned in Vietnam.
In May 2012, Vietnam's highest court ruled that Google must block its search engine in the country if it does not remove "illegal" material within 24 hours. The ruling was in response to a lawsuit filed by a Vietnamese citizen who alleged that the Internet giant did not quickly enough remove links to pornographic sites from its search results.
Censorship is widespread in Vietnam, and the Communist Party of Vietnam imposes it on all forms of media, including the press, literature, works of art, music, television, and the Internet. Reporters Without Borders placed Vietnam 175th out of 180 nations in its 2018 World Press Freedom Index.
As well as banning certain topics from being reported on, censors may also remove photographs, videos, or articles that have been published by bloggers or others using free expression platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, or other online forums.
In May 2017, a photojournalist was arrested for allegedly violating Vietnam's media laws after taking photos at a protest in Ho Chi Minh City. The police said the photographer had violated article 140 of the criminal code, which states that journalists should not offend public morals with their work. The photographer has yet to be charged or tried in court.
In August 2016, the government blocked access to several popular blogsites during periods of political unrest. Access was restored later that month.
In July 2015, Vietnam's highest court ordered the blocking of more than 100 websites over posts that were considered harmful to national security. The decision was widely seen as an attempt by the government to suppress criticism of its handling of the 2008 financial crisis. The ruling was criticized for being vague and arbitrary, and didn't specify what type of content was deemed harmful.
China. Following the July 2009 Urumqi riots, Facebook was blocked in China because Xinjiang Independence Terrorists were using Facebook as part of their communications network to plot assaults around the city, and Facebook denied providing the terrorists with information. The social networking site has since been unblocked.
(VOVWORLD)- In Vietnam, more than 72 million people utilize social media, accounting for 73.7 percent of the entire population. Between 2020 and 2021, the number of social media users in Vietnam rose by 11%.
Social media is a very popular means of communication in Vietnam, with Facebook being the most used platform. Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram are also widely accessed.
In addition to personal use, social media is also employed by businesses in order to reach out to potential customers. Some well-known brands such as BMW have official accounts on social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter that their customers can follow for news and promotions. Users can also send direct messages to these companies' accounts or post comments on other peoples' updates. These types of interactions provide opportunities for businesses to communicate with their clients directly and create relationships with them.
As social media usage continues to grow in Vietnam, so does the number of social media users who use their devices to browse websites. Mobile browsing accounts for almost all of this traffic due to the widespread adoption of smartphones in Vietnam.
Internet access in Vietnam is provided by only five providers, resulting in high connectivity rates across the country. VNPT, which is the sole provider of broadband services, controls about 95% of the market share. The remaining 5% is shared among two private operators.
Facebook is not only restricted in China, but also in North Korea and Iran. Under "One Country, Two Systems," the special administrative territories of Macau and Hong Kong have access. However, these areas have their own government and legal system; thus, it is possible that they could ban Facebook if they wanted to.
In addition to these countries, Facebook is also blocked in Egypt and Bangladesh. These are all authoritarian regimes that suppress free speech and assembly. They may choose to block Facebook because of its role in promoting these activities. However, they may also choose to block it because it provides a platform for other voices to be heard - even if they are just voices on Facebook. If this happens with enough frequency or severity, we can assume that Facebook has found a way around it.
The fact is that Facebook is very useful in these countries because it allows people to communicate outside of the traditional media network that does not serve the interests of the government. For example, Egyptian bloggers used Facebook to organize protests in 2011 against then-president Hosni Mubarak. When they did so through official accounts created by the government, they were able to spread information quickly across large groups of people. But many other Egyptians used unverified accounts to post comments on blogs or forums. This is how they were able to express themselves freely without risking arrest or physical harm.