Parental mirroring expresses acceptance, appreciation, and admiration throughout early childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. This has a huge impact on the development of self-esteem and self-confidence. When parental participation is minimal, children often get little mirroring or encouragement. This can lead them to believe that they are bad at things or not worth anything.
If one's parent(s) exhibit excessive disapproval of the child's character or abilities, this can also have an adverse effect on self-esteem. Parents who criticize their children's behavior or appearance directly or through other means (such as not giving praise) can damage their children's sense of self-worth. Children may come to believe that they are bad or unworthy even when there is no actual reason for such feelings.
Parents who abuse alcohol or drugs may suffer from depression or other issues which affect their ability to function normally. In addition, someone who uses abusive language with their children or otherwise violates social norms related to parenting may damage the child's sense of self-worth. For example, if a father hits his son but not his daughter, the son will probably feel inadequate compared to his sister. If a mother regularly ignores her children, sleeps around on her husband, or makes others feel inferior in some way, these behaviors will likely damage the child's sense of self-esteem.
Parents may help their children build healthy self-esteem by responding favorably to them and their accomplishments and by assisting them in overcoming unpleasant circumstances. For example, if your eight-year-old daughter wins the school spelling bee, it is important that you let her know how proud you are of her and that you believe she has what it takes to be a successful writer one day.
You should also try to understand why your child struggles with feelings of low self-esteem. Perhaps they have problems at school or with friends. It might be because they get bullied sometimes. In this case, you should discuss with them possible solutions to these problems.
Finally, parents can help their children build healthy self-esteem by demonstrating to them through their actions that they believe in them and their abilities. For example, if you think your son or daughter could use some extra practice on their math skills, then you should hire a tutor for them. The expert will be able to help them improve their arithmetic knowledge and therefore boost their confidence.
Your child will learn about themselves and their world from your behavior towards them.
Self-esteem, like many aspects of child development, is the result of two interacting factors known as nature and nurture. Children's early connections and interactions with caretakers, classmates, and instructors can have a significant impact on how they perceive themselves and cope with difficult situations. These impressions are called attitudes.
Children's genes play a role in determining their innate level of self-esteem. For example, if one of a pair of identical twins is born with a disability that affects his or her ability to feel pleasure or pain, it is unlikely that the other twin will have an equal amount of confidence in himself or herself. The healthy twin will probably have some sense of superiority over the disabled sibling.
In addition, children spend a lot of time around others who have high and low levels of self-esteem. They learn by observing and emulating those they respect and admire. This is why parents' attitudes toward life and themselves are so important -- because they influence their children's beliefs about themselves.
Finally, children gain knowledge about what matters most in life through experiences itself. For example, if someone treats them well when they are young and they want something later in life, they are more likely to get it. If not, then they won't feel so good about themselves.
Thus, self-esteem is both natural and learned.
Most youngsters will have low self-esteem as they go through life's phases or face new problems. Starting a new school, moving house, family changes, and a variety of other things can all have an impact on a child's confidence, but with the help of parents and other adults, they typically get through it.
There are several reasons why children might get low self-esteem. If they feel like they aren't smart enough or strong enough, those feelings can carry over into adulthood. Children also get low self-esteem if they feel like others are better than them, such as when they compete with peers for attention or praise from their parents. Kids who suffer from emotional problems such as depression or anxiety may feel like everyone else is going to harm them or that they're not worth caring about.
Children get low self-esteem when they believe things such as "I am no good," or "Nobody likes me." These are called negative self-beliefs. They can be caused by events in your child's life, such as getting picked on at school, or they can come from things you say to him or her. For example, if you tell your son or daughter many times that they're stupid, then they'll come to believe it too. Or if you call them ugly or fat even though you mean it as a joke, they'll think it's true too.
According to certain research, when parents provide their children more care, attention, empathy, and support, the children have higher levels of positive self-esteem (Parker & Benson, 2004; Trumpeter, Watson, O'Leary, & Weathington, 2008). In other words, kids who are treated better by their parents are also expected to have higher levels of self-esteem. This relationship has been found to be true for both boys and girls, older as well as younger children, and those with and without mental health problems.
At an academic level, there is some evidence to suggest that if children feel loved and cared for by their parents, they will perform better academically. For example, one study conducted at Stanford University found that students who reported feeling loved and supported by their parents did better on tests than those who did not (Suhrheinrich et al., 2009). A similar finding was reported in a study conducted by Princeton University, which found that adolescents who felt loved and supported by their parents performed better in school than those who did not (Farrington & Willis, 2003).
These studies indicate that children who are treated with love and affection by their parents are likely to have higher levels of self-esteem and academic success.