The strength-based approach creates livable circumstances for a person to view themselves at their best, allowing them to realize the value they provide just by being themselves. Then, rather of concentrating on their flaws, move that value forward to maximize on their strengths. This approach is also known as positive psychology because it focuses on what is good about people instead of what is wrong.
People can be self-aware when using this approach. They know how they are doing relative to their highest potential and what they need to work on. A strength-based coach doesn't tell clients what they lack but rather helps them identify their talents and skills and uses that information to guide them toward greater effectiveness and happiness.
Strength-based coaching involves five main components: looking inside yourself to find your strengths; learning how to use those strengths to accomplish goals; building confidence in your abilities; growing personally through challenges; and giving back to others.
By focusing on what is good about ourselves and others we create more positive lives. That in turn creates a better world for everyone.
Individuals' capacities, talents, competences, prospects, visions, and hopes are highlighted in the strength viewpoint. Empowerment, resiliency, and belonging to a viable group or community are key principles. Cultural and personal tales, myths, and legends are important sources of strength. People find hope in changes they themselves initiate, especially if they have faith in their abilities to succeed.
Strength perspective theories focus on what makes people strong rather than what makes them weak. Such theories aim to help people gain confidence by identifying their strengths and learning how to use them.
Strength perspectives were first developed by Martin Seligman in his books "Learned Optimism" and "Authentic Happiness." Since then, others have continued to build upon his work. The most well-known contributor to this field is Tom Rath, who with his colleague Jean Chatzky wrote the book "StrengthsFinder 2.0." The strength perspective has also been applied to individuals, organizations, and countries in their efforts to be more effective.
People tend to be stronger in some areas than others. This is because of both their biological makeup and their social environment. For example, someone may have natural talent in math but lack talent in writing because they were never taught how to improve at these skills. On the other hand, someone may have great writing talent but lack math ability because they were not encouraged to practice solving problems in school.
The Trait Approach's Strengths The characteristic approach places emphasis on the leader rather than the followers or the environment. This approach is focused with the characteristics of leaders and who possesses these characteristics. It is presumptuous to believe that the leader and his or her personality are fundamental to the leadership process. Rather, the leader's personality influences how he or she conducts himself or herself within the context of the job.
It is a comprehensive way of looking at leadership. The trait theory states that people can be classified as leaders because they possess certain traits. These traits are: assertiveness, autonomy, charisma, courage, determination, devotion, dedication, decisiveness, dominance, ego, influence, initiative, integrity, knowledge, loyalty, love, mercy, modesty, nerve, perception, passion, power, prejudice, pride, privilege, purpose, rationality, recognition, respect, self-awareness, sense of humor, spirit, stability, success, tenacity, tolerance, trust, understanding, vision.
It is a useful tool for leadership researchers because it gives them clear categories into which to place individuals. The trait approach has been used by psychologists to explain why some people are more likely to lead others. For example, someone may have the necessary traits to be a leader, but lack of experience or training prevents this person from taking charge. Or, an individual may not want to lead, but because of their traits, they are forced to do so.