Sociology is the conviction in one's own ethnic group or culture's inherent superiority. Has a proclivity to perceive other ethnic or cultural groups through the lens of their own. Also called ethnocentricity.
Finds itself superior to others. Self-assured of its own qualities, it feels compelled to judge and classify others as inferior or superior.
Has a tendency to view things from an exclusive perspective rather than a comprehensive one. Can only see the good in its own culture or people. May act upon this attitude by trying to promote the values of our own society/culture at the expense of others.
Culture has the power to inspire awe or contempt. This is true even of small, everyday cultures. The Aztecs, for example, regarded their culture with awe and respect because it was so powerful - until it wasn't anymore. Nowadays, many individuals within our culture avoid culture with fear because they believe that it will limit their ability to adapt to changing times.
Ethnocentrism, as defined by sociologist William Graham Sumner (1906), is the opinion or attitude that one's own culture is superior to all others. This view may be expressed in many ways, for example, through ethnocentric behaviors, beliefs, and practices.
All human cultures share a number of traits that make them unique. They also share certain traits that are common to most cultures. It is these shared traits that cause problems for people who believe that their own culture is superior to others'. For example, all cultures have a belief system about what happens after death, but some cultures include more gods or spirit beings in this system than others do. In addition, all cultures have a need for hierarchy to keep people working together even though they may be from different backgrounds, but some cultures rely on such a rigid hierarchy that it creates problems for society as a whole. Finally, all cultures have a desire for immortality, but some cultures do not consider suicide to be an acceptable way to go when you die.
In conclusion, members of any culture may feel that their culture is superior to others. This ethnocentric view leads to ideas like "American culture is better than Italian culture" or "Japanese culture is better than Chinese culture".
Almost everyone is ethnocentric in some way. Most people believe that their own culture is best and most people would agree with this statement. However, some few people do not share this belief.
People often believe that they are free from cultural influences because they "judge things solely on their merits" or that "culture doesn't matter," but this is not true for many reasons. First of all, we live in a culture where individualism is highly valued and people assume that if something is good for them then it must be good for everyone else too, so most people accept certain practices just because they were born into a society with these traditions. Also, people judge things based on their apparent usefulness or lack thereof rather than looking at the whole picture - for example, someone might enjoy working with their hands so they choose to work on a farm instead of in an office because they think that farming is hard work and doesn't pay well, but perhaps they're wrong about the first assumption and need more experience before trying something different. Last, but not least, many people refuse to admit that culture matters at all because they believe that everyone has equal opportunities regardless of their background so there's no use worrying about it.
A strong respect for one's own culture may be beneficial; for example, a common feeling of communal pride binds everyone in a society. However, ethnocentric beliefs can also be used as a justification for oppression and discrimination. This attitude has been widely documented among people throughout history, but especially in Europe and North America.
The belief that one's own culture is superior to all others leads to ethnocentric behavior. For example, an ethnocentric German might treat other countries' citizens as guests rather than equal participants in society because Germany believes its culture to be superior to others'. Similarly, an ethnocentric American president could declare war on another country with little concern for the consequences because America believes itself to be uniquely virtuous.
No. All cultures have their advantages and disadvantages. It is possible to be ethnocentric toward your own culture while at the same time being aware of other cultures' merits and shortcomings. For example, an Indian person could believe that his or her culture is unique and excellent while at the same time acknowledging that many aspects of Western culture are useful.
Such views are exemplified by ethnocentrism, which is defined as analyzing and critiquing another culture based on how it relates to one's own cultural standards. It consists in evaluating other cultures only in terms of oneself.
Ethnocentric beliefs may be explicit or implicit. An example of an explicit belief would be that American culture is better than French culture because Americans value individual liberty and freedom while the French believe in a strict hierarchy governed by a king. An example of an implicit belief would be that Americans value money over morals since we spend more than any other country. This statement assumes that Americans have values -- something that many Europeans believe cannot be true of someone who practices slavery or alcohol consumption.
These are just some examples of how ethnocentric beliefs can exist within a single culture or between different cultures. There are two main types of ethnocentrism: cultural pride and prejudice. Cultural pride is believing that your culture is special or unique. This might mean that you appreciate and enjoy things about your culture, but also recognize its faults too. For example, some Indian people might feel proud of their culture, but also know that there are elements of other cultures that they should not feel ashamed of. Prejudice is having feelings toward a group of people based on their culture rather than their individual traits.