Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to graduate from medical school in the United States (1849), as well as the first woman to have her name entered into the British medical register (1859). In 1868, she founded the Woman's Medical College in New York. She is also considered by some to be the first American physician.
Blackwell was born on February 21st, 1754 in Clifton, then part of the colony of Virginia, which was later divided between Virginia and Tennessee. Her father was a wealthy landowner who owned more than 20 slaves. Her mother was from a family of English farmers who had come to America before 1635. Elizabeth had two sisters and three brothers. The family was devoutly religious; all four children were taught by private tutors and attended church regularly. At age 14, Elizabeth married John Blackwell, a wealthy young attorney who died when they were only twenty-one years old. He left her with no money nor property of her own.
After her husband's death, Elizabeth moved to Geneva, Switzerland where she lived for several years while studying medicine. She returned to Britain and began lecturing on anatomy at London University. She also started her own medical practice, seeing patients twice per week for four hours each time. This was in order to keep busy until she could start earning a living otherwise.
Elizabeth Blackwell (February 3, 1821–May 31, 1910) was a British physician who was renowned for being the first woman to acquire a medical degree in the United States and the first woman on the General Medical Council's Medical Register. She is also regarded as the first American female doctor.
Blackwell was born in Bristol, England. Her father was a wealthy cotton merchant. When she was six years old, her family moved to New York City where they would eventually settle down on Manhattan's Upper East Side. She was educated at home by private tutors and then entered New York University with plans to become an actress. However, after two months without paying her tuition, she dropped out to work in a pharmacy to help pay off her debt.
After working in the pharmacy for five years, she saved up enough money to be able to study medicine at Geneva College in Ohio. When she received her medical license in 1866, she became the first female doctor in America. She practiced medicine for several years in New York before moving to Europe where she spent most of her time traveling throughout Germany, Switzerland, and France to give lectures on women's health. She returned to New York City in 1879 and started a practice that would later become known as Blackwell Health Center. She retired from medicine in 1889 and moved back to Geneva, Switzerland, where she lived until her death in 1910 at the age of 95.
Elizabeth Blackwell was a British physician who became the first woman in the United States to acquire a medical degree. She came to the United States with her family as a child, where she began her career as a teacher. She went on to study medicine at Geneva College in New York State and then traveled to Europe for further training. Upon returning to America, she set up practice in New Jersey.
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