The questions are asked orally to measure personality. In most cases, interviews are conducted as part of an evaluation program. This is done to augment the data gathered by other ways. Typically, interviews are conducted to assess a person's personality for distinguishable personality features. The information obtained from these interviews can be used to make a diagnosis or to guide treatment.
Can you diagnose someone based on their interview score? No. There are many factors that can affect interview scores including gender, age, cultural background, and level of education. A high interview score does not guarantee that someone is extroverted, open, or agreeable. It only indicates that they were well-suited to the interviewer who asked them questions about themselves. You cannot use interview scores to diagnose mental illness.
Is it helpful to know how people react to questions during interviews? Interviews are a useful tool in the assessment process because they allow psychologists to get a clear picture of a person's personality. They also help identify any problems that may need to be addressed in therapy. For example, if someone has trouble answering questions openly, this might indicate that they have issues with trust and confidence that should be discussed with their therapist.
How do I start an interview? Start with a greeting. Greet the person on whom you are going to conduct the interview by his/her name. State your name and what role you are there to play i.
There are several ways to personality evaluation, and many of the frequently used methodologies and procedures are controversial. Interviews, rating scales, self-reports, personality inventories, projective methods, and behavioral observation are examples of such examinations. The most effective way of assessing one's own personality is probably through close examination of one's behavior over time. Changes or similarities to the behavior of other people who have been well-known for their personalities can also be useful indicators.
Psychologists have developed numerous tools for assessing personality. One common approach is to ask individuals to rate themselves on a series of statements that describe various aspects of personality. These descriptions are called traits. There are several popular trait lists available, such as those listed in Table 1.1.
Table 1.1: Some commonly used trait lists
Trait list| Description ---|--- Goldberg (1954)| 50 questions that measure eight factors associated with human personality: emotionality, extroversion, intellect, intuition, thinking style, morality, sociability, and spirituality. Each question is rated on a scale from 0 (does not apply at all) to 3 (applies completely). Total score ranges from 0 to 90, with higher scores indicating greater presence of each trait.
Some humanistic psychologists analyzed personality using questionnaires in which respondents described their self-concept, such as comparing their real self to their ideal self. Some psychologists have also sought to characterize personality "types" using dominating qualities. For example, a neurotic type might be described as insecure, doubtful, and fearful while an obsessive-compulsive type would be said to be organized, precise, and responsible.
All this work led some psychologists to propose that we should try to understand people by identifying their most prominent traits or "dominating functions." These would then be used to describe how people tend to think and act, for better or for worse. For example, one could say that Albert Einstein was a genius because he exhibited several dominant functions: imagination, intuition, creativity, and curiosity about the world around him. On the negative side, many people with Einstein's talent for thinking deeply about subjects tended to become obsessed with those subjects and lose touch with reality.
Einstein is an example of a humanistic psychologist because he believed that we all have equal potential but some people are just born with different amounts of energy. This is known as "equal opportunity hypocrisy," and it means that even if some people may not seem like they deserve their success, it doesn't mean that others don't deserve theirs. Einstein believed that we should strive to improve ourselves and our world rather than focus on what separates us from each other.