According to research, handwriting is related to intellect and can predict reading and writing ability. After controlling for gender and beginning word-reading skills, a recent study found that handwriting automaticity predicted writing quality and productivity concurrently and over time. The study also found that handwriting quality was associated with cognitive abilities such as working memory, processing speed, and vocabulary knowledge.
In addition to being a reflection of one's intellectual capacity, the quality of handwriting can be an important factor in employment decisions and educational opportunities. For example, employers often use handwriting samples as part of their hiring process because it provides a window into how someone will write when not under pressure from a job interview or report card. Educational institutions use writing samples as part of the application process or as part of grading examinations.
The relationship between handwriting and intelligence has been reported by multiple studies from different countries using different assessment techniques. It has been shown to exist concurrently as well as longitudinally, which means that children who write well also tend to do better on intelligence tests later in life. The correlation appears to be strongest for tasks that require visual perception and accuracy rather than speed.
There have been several theories about what aspect of handwriting is related to intelligence. One theory suggests that it is letter formation time that is most important, while another theory argues that it is the amount of brain area used during handwriting that is linked to IQ.
As a result, women often begin speaking and reading earlier in life than males and are generally better when it comes to verbal abilities, such as learning a new language or reading at a higher level. They have a significantly better grip of spelling and grammar, which explains why they excel at handwriting.
The reason behind this phenomenon is not clear but may be related to differences in brain anatomy and chemistry between men and women. Some studies have shown that there are more neurons in the parietal lobe of females than males, which may account for their better handwriting. There is also evidence that levels of estrogen influence the development of the brain. When estrogen levels are high, it has been suggested that this helps with cognitive development while lower levels may have the opposite effect.
It is possible that many women who have never studied handwriting understand how to form letters correctly without thinking about it, while most men would need to study the topic before they could write like women do. Training your hand to write in a specific way can only improve performance over time; it cannot make someone else's handwriting look like yours.
There are several factors other than gender that can influence how people write. For example, older individuals tend to use smaller letters and write slower than younger people. This is because muscle strength and memory decline with age. Handwriting education can only improve how you write now, it cannot make up for lost time.
According to the study, "clues regarding personality might be derived from handwriting." Specifically, 5 of 10 personality and IQ characteristics might predict 6 of 16 handwriting traits.... [tags: Psychology Intelligence Handwriting]:: 9 Works cited
Lamanna, Joseph R. (2002). The psychology of handwriting: An assessment of theories and research. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Rhodes, Richard J. (2004). How brains learn: The science of literacy skill development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schmidt, Friedrich (1879). Hand-Empfindungen und -Gefühle. Berlin: Georg Reimer's Verlag.
Waber, George F. (1938). The relationship between writing speed and letter size in children and adults. Journal of Educational Psychology, 28(3), 215-222.
Wilkinson, Richard G. (2005). The story of writing. London: Thames & Hudson.