Sannyasa is not intended to be taken by a woman. So-called spiritual institutions founded in contemporary times provide sannyasa to women, despite the fact that there is no support in Vedic literature for a woman embracing sannyasa. Otherwise, Kardama Muni might have taken his wife and given her sannyasa if it had been sanctioned. But since it was not so, she could only observe him and his community from a distance.
The only way for a woman to become an ascetic is if she joins a convent or ashram and lives according to the rules set by the founder. Only then would she be considered an ascetic herself rather than a husbandess or wife of an ascetic. If the woman has children she would need to stop working as soon as they are grown up.
In ancient times, women were also expected to live as ascetics. This is the case with many holy women of Hinduism and Buddhism. However, the majority of them do not follow this path themselves but rather serve as guides to others or work as priests' wives. A few of them even became rulers over small kingdoms.
In modern times too, there are many women who have chosen sannyasa. They usually belong to religious communities where such things are allowed. When these women get married they return to society unless they want to continue living separately from their husbands. Even then, they keep some form of contact with the world through letters or phone calls.
He is not allowed to marry under Hindu law. According to religious procedures, he must abandon sanyasatva-sainthood before marrying. However, according to government regulations, the sanyasi may marry any marriageable girl, woman, or lady of any subcaste, caste, religion, or atheist group. If the sanyasi wishes to marry another man's wife, then his permission must be obtained first. The sanyasi cannot commit adultery even if his mind so desires it.
In ancient times, sanyasis used to get married very young. They would take a bride when they were still under the protection of their guru. But now that most gurus have lost contact with their disciples, these rules are rarely followed.
In modern times, too, sanyasis have married. But only below class IV marriages are considered valid in Hindu law. Anything above that is considered invalid by default. So in reality, a sanyasi can marry only if he has got himself downgraded by his guru. Otherwise, he will remain a bachelor all his life.
The reason for this prohibition is that once a person enters into samnyasa, he leaves the world of material pleasures and joins the spiritual realm. Thus, he cannot be expected to carry out household duties which involve physical effort. This is why most gurus choose young boys who have not yet completed their education. They will be able to make a quick exit if anything goes wrong after getting married.
In verse II.10.17.2, it is stated that anyone who has completed the Brahmacharya (student) life stage may immediately become ascetic, in verse II.10.17.3 that any childless couple may enter Sannyasa whenever they wish, and in verse II.10.17.4 that a widower may choose Sannyasa if desired, but in general, only those people who are not attached to material possessions can take Sannyasa.
The Brahmachari stage of life is considered essential for becoming a sannyasin. During this stage, a person should live alone in a hermitage with only fruits for food. He must avoid all forms of attachment, including love and hatred. A person who has completed the Brahmacharya stage can then decide to become a sannyasin. However, many sannyasins do not follow this rule and marry even after becoming ascetics/hermits.
As for children, some sannyasins agree to be parented by the community until they die, while others remain celibate even after becoming elders if they so desire. Still others adopt children or make them heirs to their property. The choice of whether or not to have children determines what type of sannyasi a person will be.
It is important to understand that although sannyasa is open to everyone, it does not mean that every person will be able to take up this commitment.
A female, regardless of age, is not required to become a sanyasini. When a girl is ready, she can receive the initiation from her father, husband, or son. In some cases, when there is no male heir, another woman can be appointed by the community as a sanyasin.
The sanyasin state of mind is not limited to males alone. Females can also practice this religion. However, only males can become priests. This is because in most Hindu traditions the role of priest is considered to be masculine in nature. However, many female sannyasis exist and some even play an important role in certain sects.
In general, women are not allowed to enter the monastic order. Only men are qualified to become monks or nuns. However, there have been exceptions made for females in special circumstances. For example, under Indian tradition, women are allowed to take a holy dip in sacred waters without any restriction if their husbands are alive. After getting married, a woman cannot go back to being a sanyasin but instead has to lead a normal life with her new family responsibilities.
However, there are various schools of thought on this issue. Some believe that since spirituality is an inside job, therefore, a woman can become a sanyasin too.
It is crucial to clarify that Hinduism does not exclude women from becoming priests; there is no text that forbids it. In truth, women were known to have equal freedom in the quest of knowledge as males in ancient Vedic times: they, too, read the Vedas. What's more, several goddesses are described as having created many instruments used by men in rituals (such as drums and horns).
However, only men can become priests in modern days because the job requires a person to make religious offerings by singing, chanting, dancing, and playing musical instruments. Females cannot do this work because it involves physical contact with the gods who will take offense at being touched by a woman.
In conclusion, a woman can be a Hindu priest as long as she follows her husband even if he is a priest himself. The role of a priest is very important in Hinduism so if a woman is able to fulfill this function she can serve God just like her husband.